A cooperation model for architectural design. The virtual cooperative project.
Abstract: The methods and models of the concurrent engineering taken from the industry domain are unsuitable for the domain of the construction that is characterized by a singular context of cooperation. The existing groupware tools could not be directly used in the framework of architectural design. They require a high level of definition of procedures and exchanges, which is incompatible with the flexibility of the current practices. In this context, we find two cooperative approaches: the first one consists of using organisation project tools founded on cooperation between actors (approach based on exchange document model). The second one is based on modelling the building with objects by using technical data model (approach based on the knowledge). At first we expose, through the analysis of the data exchange model (IFC), the problem of using digital mock-up for cooperation. Then we justify the interest in building a new model of cooperation where the relational organization of the project is taken into account. Finally, we propose to use this new model to propose a management tool of the "virtual cooperation project".